The advantage of infrared technology over convection heating

    Infrarotheizung Badezimmer

    1. Conventional technology (convection heating)

    Fossil fuels such as coal, gas, oil and wood are typically used to heat the water to the desired temperature. The heated water is stored and, if necessary, transported through more or less insulated pipes to the radiator, which then heats the surrounding air. In the next step, the heated air is supposed to warm people. During this process the air in the room is set in motion. The heated air rises from the radiator and the space under the ceiling becomes warm. Then, as it gradually cools down, it sinks downwards, cools down on the opposite wall and flows air, already cooled down to floor level, back to the radiator, where it is warmed up again and the circulation process starts again. At the same time, huge amounts of dust and pollen are transported through the room, which is very unfavorable for people who breathe such air. This means that only a small part of the energy used reaches the people in the room in the form of the desired heat. This is a huge waste.

    From the above it follows that the traditional conversion of energy into heat is not particularly effective. Nevertheless, conventional heating systems are repeatedly presented by manufacturers and lobbyists as innovative and economical heating technologies. In addition, the essential issues of ongoing maintenance and repair costs for transmission lines as well as chimney cleaning are eliminated.

    2. Infrared technology

    The infrared technology in which the heating panels work based on the use of light waves from the area below (Latin infra) the red range of visible light, whose soothing and pleasant warmth can be compared to the sun’s rays.

    The big advantage of this technology is that the air is not heated like with conventional convection heaters. All of the energy released by the panels passes through the air without loss and directly heats the walls, people and objects in the room. The operation of the panels can also be compared to the operation of a tiled stove – the principle of heat emission without air and therefore without emission losses.

    The walls and objects heated by the heat given off then release the stored heat, thereby achieving a pleasant thermal comfort in the room.

    So we are dealing with two types of heat:
    a) direct heat given off by the panels
    b) indirect heat given off by walls and objects.

    This makes the perceived temperature about 2-3 degrees higher than the actual temperature – this saves us energy!

    An example of this principle is when we stand in the sun on a hot day and feel the heat rays. However, when we move into the shade, we immediately feel cooler, even though the air temperature in the sun and the shade is actually the same. Thanks to this advantage in a room with a measured temperature of 18°C. The temperature feels like it is around 20 – 21°C. This creates a pleasant indoor climate and saves energy at the same time.

    The heat waves emitted dry the walls, improve their insulating properties (a dry wall insulates better than a damp wall) and thus reduce the heat requirement. At the same time, it prevents mold and fungus infestation on the walls.

    Heat waves emitted by infrared heating panels
    The heat given off warms the walls, ceiling, floor, objects and people in the room.
    All this collects energy and returns it to the space

    Wirkungsprinzipien Waermewellen

    Convection heat
    Heat floats in the air according to the principle of air circulation in the room. As a result, the upper layer of space is heated more than the lower one. An unpleasant feeling arises from cold feet and a hot head. The circulation stirs up dust, which leads to the circulation of bacteria in the air.

    Infrarotheizungen – Wirkungsprinzipien Konvektion